Step-by-Step Guide to writing a perfect Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay is one of the many types of essays that is often required by students in high school and colleges. Writing this type of essay can prove to be a great challenge to some students as they might find it difficult to write an essay that is informative enough for their teachers to award them great marks. Some basic skills that students need to write good argumentative essays have been compiled in the article below.

Meaning of an Argumentative essay

First of all, it is important to define an argumentative essay.

An argumentative essay can be described as a type of essay where the writer presents both sides of a particular argument or issue. It often requires a student to evaluate a particular topic, generate and collect research and establish a position on a particular topic.

Unlike popular opinion, an argumentative essay is very different from persuasive essays. Unlike the persuasive essay, an argumentative essay aims to inform rather than convince the audience. The argumentative essay can be said to be similar to the expository essay only that it involves greater research and it is often longer.

When working on your argumentative essay it is more important for a writer to focus more on facts and evidence rather than personal opinions or ideas or opinions. Although the author may decide to argue one point of view more strongly than the other, but most importantly, it should all be based on correct facts.

There are two ways in which a writer may decide to write an argumentative essay.

a) Presenting both arguments equally

b) Argue one part of the argument more forcefully than the other.

While writing your argumentative essay, you can choose from any of these two methods.

Find a Good Topic

When you are about to write your argumentative essay, you need to find a good topic, and a topic you can write passionately about. While picking your topic, you must select a topic that easily sparks conflicting views when it is being discussed as this will give you enough chance to write enough and also get enough points to base your argumentative essay on.

Collect evidence

As stated in the earlier part of this article, you need to gather enough evidence for the topic you are writing on and also your argumentative essay should be solely based on the research you have made and not your opinion. Also, when gathering your evidence, the research you make should be on both sides of the essay so that you can easily defend your stance on the topic at hand.

After you have collected enough evidence and you already have enough ideas on the topic you want to write on, you should now learn how to work on the outline of your essay which consists of the introduction, body and the conclusion of your argumentative essay. Important things you need to know are given below.

The Introduction

The introduction or the argumentative essay is one of the most important parts of the argumentative essay and it should be written with absolute caution as it is the first place a reader will see when reading through your argumentative essay. For your introduction to be ideal, it has to contain the following


a) The Hook Statement

This is the first part of the introduction. It is aimed at catching the attention of the reader and making the reader interested in reading more about the argumentative essay. To do this, you can start the introduction to your essay with a rhetorical question, or a quote. This will enable you to catch the attention of your reader.

b) Background Information

After gathering the audience's attention, the next step is to present any necessary context to narrow the focus. This information should not reveal any of the main arguments from the main body. It should lead the chain of thought towards the thesis statement.

Thesis Statement

After giving background information about the topic, the next thing that should follow in your introduction is your thesis statement. The thesis statement should clearly show the central idea or argument of your argumentative essay. Also, remember that the main objective of the essay is to defend your idea based on facts thus your thesis statement should clearly state what your idea is and why it is correct.


The body of the essay is the place where all the points and evidence you have gathered are presented and your claim is firmly defended. While writing your

thesis statement, you should start each paragraph with a topic sentence as this will allow your reader to easily understand what each paragraph is for. After the topic sentence, you should now make your claim, this involves linking your main sub-argument with your thesis statement and defending your point with enough evidence.

• Conclusion

The conclusion for the argumentative essay should be firm. After presenting a good introduction and defending the points of your essay in the body of your essay, you should now summarize your essay by restating your thesis statement. While doing this you should avoid rewriting the thesis statement word for word instead paraphrase it and make it as convincing as you can make it be.

After you have gone through all the steps above and you have your article readyArgumentative Essay, you must read through the article and look out for errors and mistakes. You can also take the essay to more experienced people to check it for you. Once you’ve read the instructions above you’ll get an understanding of how to write a perfect argumentative essay.

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