Romanticism, a literary phenomenon started in the late 18th century and ended around mid 19th century — although its impact remains until this day (Jeffrey Somers 2017). Marked by emphasis on the personality (and the different perspective of a person, sometimes driven by erratic, emotional impulses), a sense of respect and the natural, as well as a recognition of these ordinary man, Romanticism could be seen as response to the significant societal changes that happened during this era, including the risings that burned in nations like United States and France, bringing in significant developments in democracy.
The word romanticism is not derived from the idea of love, instead of from the French word romaunt (a romantic story told in verse). In comparison to traditional literature at the period, romanticism concentrated on the writer's desires and inner life and often used autobiographical content to guide the writing or even provide a structure for it. The simplistic and exalted “regular people” were honored by romanticism as worthy of praise, which was then an invention. Romanticism also focused on nature as a primary force and incentivized the idea of isolation as essential for the growth of spirituality and art.
Six main features distinguish romantic literature: interest in the common man, idealization of women, a celebration of nature, focus on individual and spirituality, a celebration of isolation and melancholy, and pathetic fallacy and personification.
The first writers to accept the idea of poetry that anyone could learn, appreciate, and recognize William Wordsworth. He rejected excessively stylized vocabulary and comparisons to classical works in favor of poetic images expressed in plain, graceful prose when I wandered Lonely as a cloud as in his most famous poem.
In works like Poe's The Raven, women are seen as pure and attractive always, and idealized love interests, but typically have nothing else to give. Interestingly, women wrote the most popular books of the era (Mary Shelley, Jane Austen, and Charlotte Brontë, for example), but had to be circulated initially under male aliases for these perceptions. Most Romantic literature has been filled with the idea of women as pure, innocent creatures to be mourned, respected, and adored— but never affected or depended upon.
Romantic authors saw nature as a source of infinite beauty and a teacher. John Keats 'To Autumn (1820) is one of Romanticism's most famous works.
Keats personifies the season and tracks its advancement from the beginning, which was after the summer, through the harvest season, and eventually to the end of the fall when winter takes place.
Romantic authors shifted inward, appreciating above all else, the individual experience. This led to an intensified sense of faith in Romantic practice, and the introduction of mystical and metaphysical elements.
Edgar Allan Poe's fiction exemplifies this dimension of the movement; for instance, The Raven relates the story of a man mourning for his lost wife (an idealized woman in the Romantic tradition) when an incredibly sympathetic Raven appears and torments him, which can be translated or perceived as a sign of his mental instability.
Throughout Romanticism, Ralph Waldo Emerson was a viral writer; his essay books discussed and codified many of the intellectual movement's themes. His essay Self-Reliance in 1841 is a landmark Romantic literary work in which he exhorts the importance of gazing inward and choosing your course, relying solely on your wealth.
Similar to the emphasis on loneliness, depression is a crucial feature of many Romanticism plays, generally seen as a response to inevitable failure— writers attempting to convey the pure beauty they saw and failing to do so correctly resulting in frustration such as that described in A Lament by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
The obsession in romantic literature on humanity is distinguished by the active use of personality as well as a tragic fallacy. These techniques were used to significant effect by Mary Shelley in Frankenstein.
Romanticism is still affecting literature; Twilight novels written by Stephanie Meyers' are direct descendants of this movement, which, although they were published a century and a half, at the end of the active life of the campaign, incorporated the most characteristics of Classical Romanticism.
Romanticism is a split with the Enlightenment's universalistic perspective. The explanation is universal, and in classical Rome and France, the illumination finds its models: all people are the same, for they are all rational. Romanticism, when there is no common concepts, a fracturing of the consciousness. There was the influence of the French Uprising/Revolution by egalitarian principles, which created equal for humanity. This suits the Enlightenment ideology. It means you are free to belong to any country or other. The country is born outside of a social contract. In Germany, it is dissimilar where you have not chosen your country.
There's a gap between poets of the first and second generation. British writers were rather radical and sympathetic to dissenters. The French Uprising/Revolution was filled with hope for freedom, but it shifted dramatically when it made way to the King's beheading and terror in 1793.
History and romanticism are rediscovered through local color: little specifics to indicate that you are not at home (for example, if you want to put into writing about Asia, include little geishas' in kimonos).
There is a big explosion in linguistic, cultural nationalism: a proliferation in vernacular literature was German romanticism. The vernacular is the dialect that people speak; it is distinct from the dialect that the elite (Latin, French) use. Producing good literature is kind enough. There was a link to myths, mythology, and fairy tales as well.
Throughout 1798, both Coleridge and Wordsworth published lyrical ballads. Coleridge focused on the mystical in The Rhyme of the early Mariner and told the story of a mariner who murdered an albatross, an evil omen for sailors: they're all lost.
Wordsworth deals with ordinary life in The Idiot Boy and relates the story of a woman who wants her infant medication. She sends the child of the fool. His objective was to reflect the basic desires of human nature, to utilize simple language, “the choice of a vocabulary that is currently used by people.” He rejected the political dimension and the romantic language artificiality that many people attacked.
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