Descriptive Essay Writing: Definition, Structure, Topics

Descriptive Essay: Definition

A descriptive essay can be defined as an essay that requires students to describe objects, persons, emotions, events, places, etc. This type of essay requires students to use their imaginative skills to try to bring all these things to life to the reader. It is focused on developing a student’s ability to create a written account of a particular experience.

Writing a descriptive essay requires a student to create a picture of a particular event in the reader’s mind, and doing this requires a very good command of English grammar. Also, it requires good descriptive and explanatory skills that might be very difficult for some students in high school and colleges to master. Helpful information that can help students to write good descriptive essays are given in the article below.

Structure of a descriptive essay

To write an essay, it is important to know the structure the essay should take. Just like most essays, the structure of the descriptive essay should contain the introduction, the Body, and the Conclusion. Things that you should consider when working an all these are given below.

• The Introduction

The Introduction is the first part of your essay, and it is the first place that your reader will see when reading through your article. Thus, the introductory part of the descriptive essay should be one of the best parts of the whole essay. A lot of effort should be put into this part of the essay to make it interesting and captivating. Use a strong opening line such as a thought-provoking quote, question or anything that you think will grab the attention of your reader. Also, when writing your introduction, it should end with the thesis statement. Below is a brief description of what a thesis statement is.

• Thesis Statement

The thesis statement is just a summary of the whole essay. It contains the major idea or the major theme of the whole essay. It is important to include the thesis statement in the introduction as it states the main purpose of the essay and serves as a guide to the reader what the whole essay is about.


The body of your descriptive essay is the major place where you put all your descriptive skills into practice. Here, you are allowed to give a detailed and interesting description of the topic you have chosen. While you are making your description, ensure that you use adjectives that specifically describe the emotion you want to express. Instead of using a general and non-specific adjective like “beautiful,” go for a more specific adjective like “captivating.” These specific types of adjectives will paint a more vivid picture of your story in the reader’s mind.

Also, as you write the body of your essay, try to use similes and metaphors as much as you can. It will make your article look more interesting and fun to read, it will also make the essay look more professional to the reader.

You should be able to discuss your opinion and express your thought about the topic you are describing. While doing this, use first-person pronouns such as “I,” to express the emotions you felt during the particular experience.

• Conclusion

The conclusion of your essay should be a summary of all the ideas and thoughts you have expressed in your essay. Here, you should merely restate your thesis statement to summarize the essay. While doing this, be careful not to add anything new to your conclusion as this can confuse the reader. Simply evaluate your ideas and end the whole essay with one strong final statement.

Perfecting your essay

After you have finished writing your essay, it is now time for you to perfect the essay and correcting any mistake you might have made while you were writing the essay. This is to ensure that the essay is as professional as possible, and also that you do not overlook any mistake. To perfect your essay, there are three basic steps that you must follow, and they are explained below.

• Read Your Essay Aloud

This might seem like a very unnecessary and basic step, but it is one of the most important things you need to do to get rid of mistakes you might not have noticed before. Readout your essay aloud and try to listen for any awkward word or sentence, if you find any, quickly circle these sentences so that you can easily identify them when you are correcting your mistakes.

You can also read the essay to people and ask them to help to pick out any error you have not noticed before.

• Show Your Essay to Others

You should also show the essay to others and ask them if the essay seems descriptive enough to them, or if they get a clear picture of what you are trying to describe. Work based on the response you get from them.

• Check the Essay for Clarity and Length

Read through your essay again for the final time and try to remove any word or sentence that you feel is not necessary or important. Also, ensure that the essay is not more than the length that you have been instructed to maintain.

Examples of descriptive essay topics

If you are having trouble picking the perfect topic for your descriptive essayDescriptive Essay, here are some interesting topics you should consider.

1) My first memory

2) My first encounter with the internet

3) The most important event in American history

4) A fairy tale from my childhood

5) A Christmas story

6) The day I will never forget

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